I find models useful. They show distinctions that can help explain and predict behaviors.
One distinction I’ve found useful as a presenter and presentation trainer is to look at whether a person is “careful” or “carefree” when it comes to creating and delivering presentations.
What do careful presenters look like?
Preparing the presentation
They plan their presentation. They think about their audience’s needs. They work on their key message and create a structure for their talk that will take their audience on a logical journey. They think about stories and statistics. They determine what evidence will support their message and design effective PowerPoint slides or other visual aids that will help the audience understand their points. They not only think through what they’re going to say, but create notes or a script. And they rehearse their presentation, maybe many times in order to ensure that there is no hesitancy or mistakes.
Delivering the presentation