Here are 10 ways to produce more vivid, direct, concise prose. Though you shouldn’t use these tactics indiscriminately, you can usually improve your prose by following the recommendations below:
1. Use active voice
When a sentence includes be or any other copulative verb, such as is or were, recast the sentence to omit the verb.
2. Avoid vague nouns
Phrases formed around general nouns such as aspect, degree, and situation clutter sentences.
3. Use words, not their definitions
Replace explanatory phrases with a single word that encapsulates that explanation.
4. Avoid noun strings
Reorganize sentences to eliminate series of nouns used as adjectives.
5. Convert nouns to verbs
When a sentence includes a noun ending in -tion, change the noun to a verb to simplify the sentence.