Writing myths are everywhere. In my 14-plus years as a writer and editor, I have heard everything from “good writers don’t need to be edited” to “you shouldn’t sit down to write until you know exactly what you want to say.”
The myth that I find the most misguided: Writers should “dumb down” their content so everyone, everywhere can read it.
The first rule of writing is to write for your audience. Take their current level of knowledge into account, and use language they know and feel comfortable with. Don’t write for sixth-graders if your audience comprises physicians, small-business owners, or individuals with limited English proficiency. Write for sixth-graders if your audience is sixth-graders.
To write with your audience in mind, consider the following:
Identify your audience
First step is to make sure you know your audience. Don’t guess or assume. Ask yourself: Who is my audience? What does my audience already know about the subject? What does my audience need to know? What questions will my audience have?
Consider the format
Will your audience be reading your article in a printed newsletter or on a smartphone? Is it for an HTML newsletter or a blog. Format matters.
Consider the context
When will they be reading what you’ve written? The audience for which I write—physicians—is highly educated, reading at advanced levels. But I have to consider when and under what circumstances they will be reading my articles. Will it be at the end of a long day? Do they have a stack of other publications on their desks? Will they want to read my article if it’s too wordy or uses overly technical language?
Strive for brevity and clarity
No matter the members of your audience, they’ll appreciate language that is clear and concise. Avoid jargon; use simple words in place of complex ones; cut the clichés and buzzwords from your writing.
Mind your adjectives
As writing coach Ann Wylie says, choose your adjectives carefully. Only use those that add real meaning to your text. Should you describe the puppy as “brown” or “cute”? Which adjective provides the reader with more information?
Activate your verbs
Use the active voice in your sentences: subject, verb, object. Passive voice is longer, less conversational, and drains the energy from your sentences. Many writers use the passive voice when they don’t want the reader to know who is performing the action. For example, they may write “Rates were raised” instead of “We raised rates.” What they don’t realize is that readers see right through this ploy. They recognize content that is purposefully vague.
Challenge every word
Omit needless words. Use pronouns, write in the active voice, and choose strong verbs. Eliminate unnecessary modifiers, such as “really” and “very.” In the words of Strunk and White, “Make every word tell.”
Resist the urge to “dumb down” your content. Think about your audience, and keep your writing lean and focused. Your readers will thank you for it.
Laura Hale Brockway is the author of the writing and editing blog impertinentremarks.com.