Video is an important part of the 2016 content marketing mix, and it’s here to stay.
It has an uncanny ability to quickly warm up potential customers and connect them to you and your product. YouTube, the largest repository of videos, affords you the opportunity to cultivate a dedicated audience of subscribers. As the second-largest search engine after Google, it’s not to be ignored.
All that sounds tempting, but if you don’t have video experience, it can also be intimidating.
When Magoosh, the company I work for, started making branded social video content, I was overwhelmed by the amount of conflicting recommendations out there. That feeling of information overload is what led to this guide—a quick-start “video school” for marketers.
What follows is a cheat sheet offering all you need to start making great face-to-camera videos for YouTube.
Though it’s possible to create video for YouTube on your phone—and I would recommend that over skipping video marketing altogether—the best tools for authoritative-quality videos are digital SLR cameras.
DSLRs are manufactured by all major camera companies. They have low-cost “prosumer” models, and they are simple enough out of the box for a beginner. Starting in fully automatic mode will net you some great looking video, and you’ll be able to take more control and move into manual mode over time.
We use the Canon T5i, and it performs just as well for video as the more senior cameras in Canon’s line.
Chances are your DSLR will come with a kit lens that will work pretty well for beginner purposes. If you want to kick your video up a notch, consider a 50mm lens. These tend to still be affordable, but they also have a better build and will allow you to achieve a wider aperture and shallower depth of field. (We’ll cover why that’s important later.)
One downfall of a DSLR is the sound quality, because the built-in microphones are not great. If you’re thinking about skimping on audio, think again: Studies show that although audiences will tolerate video quality issues, they aren’t nearly as forgiving of bad audio.
A plug-in, on-camera mic is all you need to solve this problem. I like Rode mics for their ease of use and affordability. If you’re looking for a less expensive option, fairly high-quality audio can be recorded on your smartphone, with an app like iTalk, and then synched to your video in post-production.
Softbox lights set up in a two-point lighting configuration are the simplest and most convenient option for face-to-camera video. There are many budget-friendly softbox lighting kits available, and using actual lights (rather than sunlight) means that you have the flexibility to film on overcast days, in rooms without windows or after sundown.
In a pinch, natural sunlight can work if you position your subject facing a window in the morning or late afternoon. Avoid overhead fluorescent lights at all costs.
It’s easy to overlook the background, but to do so is to miss an opportunity to create visual interest and to signal quality. There are two good ways to go here: Find a clean, aesthetically pleasing room that helps convey the message of your video, or hang a neutral backdrop. We typically use a backdrop printed with our logo.
Step 2: Learn your video basics
Depth of field
Depth of field refers to the range of what is in focus in video, film and photography. It’s the slice of space where the image is in sharp focus; everything outside this range is soft and unfocused. Using depth of field strategically is a terrific way to deliver great looking video.
Here are four magic words: “shallow depth of field.”
Use a shallow depth of field by setting a small aperture value, place your video subject in the range and then let rest of the background fall into softer focus. Doing so puts the emphasis on your subject, identifying for your audience what is most important.
It also gives a cinematic quality to your footage, rather than the flatter look of a home video. Without realizing it, audiences value the quality inherent in this “film look.”
Your composition will vary depending on what you’re including in your video, but for face-to-camera videos, the rule of thirds is a good concept to start with: Imagine a grid dividing your image into nine equal parts. Your subject should typically be placed on one of the vertical lines, with his or her eyes more or less lined up to the upper horizontal line.
The audience’s eyes are naturally drawn to the places where the grid lines intersect, so they are a great place for you to put the things you most want them to look at.
Although camera auto modes can give you a boost as you learn to make video, one area where you should use a manual setting is in focusing your image. Your lens’s autofocus can be noisy enough to be picked up by microphones, and it can “chase” your subject in a shot.
Set your focus to manual, and practice pulling clear focus using the focal ring on your lens. As long as your subject stays put, you should have to focus only once: when you set up your shot.
Step 3: Iterate
The most important thing is this: Just make a video. It’s likely that not everything will be perfect the first time (or the 15th). Instead of being stymied by perfectionism, get as many of the basics down as you can and then practice one new skill each time you make a video.
The Magoosh GRE YouTube channel has grown significantly over the last few years, to more than 7 million views and 38,000 subscribers, but it had humble webcam beginnings. Our viewers were rooting for us as our quality improved, and yours will, too.